This project aims at encouraging healthy eating for people with diabetes. For people who have diabetes, they often feel frustrated about eating. They need to know not only how to control their diet strictly, but also how to balance their diet to keep healthy. Under this situation, how to help them easily obtain a special and balanced diet is the main task for the design.
"I DON'T KNOW HOW TO CONTROL AND BALANCE MY DIET SINCE THERE ARE TOO MANY RESTRICTIONS for us who have diabetes!"
The characteristics of diabetic people and the current tools for them to manage their diet are the essential research aspects for this project. I spent one and half months doing research in three aspects. By interviewing my target user group, observing their daily food, I got a basic understanding of the eating behavior, the problem and the need from their perspective. By attending diabetes meeting and diabetes academy, I obtained a professional understanding of the diabetes knowledge in some aspects. By visiting diabetic educator and dietitian, I gained a deep understanding of the current existing tools and methods that they can use to control their diet.
1. Interview target user group
2. ATTEND DIABETES MEETING AND diabetes ACADEMY
3. INTERVIEW DIABETIC EDUCATOR & DIeTITIaN
Methods to control and balance the diet
1. Food Label
Carbohydrate counting is easier when food labels are available. People who have diabetes can look at how much carbohydrate is in the foods they want to eat and decide how much of the food they can eat. The two most important lines with carbohydrate counting are the serving size and the total carbohydrate amount.
The Exchange Lists are the basis of a meal planning system designed by a committee of the American Diabetes Association and the American Dietetic Association. While designed primarily for people with diabetes and others who must follow special diets, the Exchange Lists are based on principles of good nutrition that apply to everyone.
The Diabetic Exchange list divides food into six different groups - starch, meat, vegetable, fruit, milk and fat. The reason is that foods vary in their carbohydrate, protein, fat, and calorie content. Each exchange list contains foods that are alike. Each food choice on a list contains about the same amount of carbohydrate, protein, fat, and calories as the other choices on that list.
3. "Create your plate"
"Create your plate" is a good way to help people easily measure and organize their food. According to American Diabetes Association, “You don't need any special tools or have to do any counting. It's simple and effective—draw an imaginary line on your plate, select your foods, and enjoy your meal. 'Creating your plate' lets you still choose the foods you want but changes the portion sizes so you are getting large portions of non-starchy vegetables and a smaller portion of starchy foods. ”